Fault and repair guide
VCR is sluggish in or fails to rewindInternally the VCR contains many drive belts which are used in the mechanics of tape transport. With age these belts become slack causing malfunctions and when this happens the whole lot should be replaced. In particular for the rewind function you will need to replace a tyre on the supply reel. A 'rewind' kit of replacement parts is available from many sources.
The diagram shows the rewind spool
Poor capstan lockThis causes a noise bar to appear on the picture and a wow on the sound. The first thing to check is the CTL head. If it is clean and not excessively worn then the next thing to do is to re-adjust the capstan free-run speed. This is done by adjusting RV001 on the servo board. You need to adjust until you read 5.5 +/- 0.3 V on test point TP5. If it is not possible to get a steady reading then there is a problem in the servo circuitary which is most likely caused by dried out electrolytic capacitors. Suspect C7 and C8 first but if in doubt replace all the capacitors on that area on the board.
Horizontal noise bar across bottom of recored picturesThis comes about because the record servo lock adjustment drifts. What you are actually seeing is the head switching pulse on the picture. It should be hidden from view in the frame blanking period. To reset this adjustment really requires an oscilloscope but if like then you can try it by eye. The adjustments are made through RV8 on the SS-9 board.
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|No power.||check the power regulator IC001 [STK5314] for failure|
|Dead, fuse F002 blown.||Check diodes D301-304 for failure|
|Dead, fuse F001 blown.||Check diodes D305-308 for failure|
|Distorted sound on all channels.||Suspect failure of Q009 [2S@11753] on the tuner/IF. board|
|Drum speed variation.||Replace the small electrolytics around the drum servo chip C3 [CX1861 also check the drum free preset RV9 if OK check resistors R103, R106 & Rl1O before suspecting 1C3 itself|
|Intermittently stopping / fails to unlace.||Replace belts then the small relay pulley, large relay pulley and the phosphor bronze bearing between the two relay pulley,|
|No or erratic drum motor operation.||Check resistors R045 a R060 on the DR1 board for open circuit then Q017/18 [2SC27853] Q019 [125A1175], Q020 [2SC1061] and Q021 [2SD1164]|
|No or poor sound.||Check the contacts of relay RY1 on the ADG panel for wear sticking. If fault persists check diode D001 for failure|
|No capstan motor rotation.||Check transistor Q022 [2SDI164] on the DR1 board for failure. If ok check the servo chip [CX143A]|
|No colour in pause, incorrect colour in picture search.||Check capacitors C084 & C083 on panel YC18 for failure|
|No e-e signals.||Check transistor Q01 for failure|
|No fast forward.||Check transistor Q025 [2SD1164] on the DR1 board and also check 0023 [2SD788] Q024 [2SC2785] for failure|
|No neon channel indicators, no channel selection.||Check R015 on the power panel for open circuit.|
|No reel motor operation.||Check R061 on the DR1 board then suspect Q010 [2SD3553]|
|Not erasing previous recordings.||Check transistor Q1 [2SD774] & resistor R025 on the AD6 board|
|Noisy picture.||Check capacitors C016, C018 & chip IC001 for failure.|
|Poor sound on one channel and associated neon indicator dim.||Replace the appropriate channel indicators neon lamp|
|Tuning drift.||Check tuning voltage regulator IC002 [UPC574J] for failure.|
|Intermittent or no rewind.||Check connector CN606 on panel DR-01 for poor contact.|
|No loading motor drive voltage or operation.||Check fusible resistor R665 on the DR-01 board for open circuit.|
|No E-E sound, no capstan lock on playback||Q509 (2SA1175) short circuit.|
|power supply failure||if this happens, do not expect that the power supply board from a MK1 will replace that of a MK2, and visa versa, as there are differances in the wiring, also, the MK1 is hard wired, and the MK2 the wiring has plugs to connect to the board.|
|Clock Powers up but no power to rest of machine when on/standby pressed||Failure of the Transistor Q255 and/or Diode D251 on the TP-12 power board. This circuit provides power to the on/standby.timer switches and leds an then the switches switch the regulator to power the 12 regulated lines on multiple boards. See Page 42 of the service manual http://www.beta7.co.uk/uploaded/documents/sl-c6e-sm.pdf|
|Slow Capstan Speed and RV1 cannot increase the speed far enough||Replace 0.22uF caps on SS9 board (Capstan Area) position C7 and C8|
|Playback runs at right speed but recordings run slow with noisebars||Give the audio/control (ACE) heads a thorough clean. Use isopropynol and a reasonable amount of pressure as the control head in the assembly has fine in-grained dirt which causes the control track to not produce enough signal to lock on to.
Using a cotton bud keep on cleaning even if the buds look clean. Use enough fluid on the bud to soak it. Leave the machine for about 5 minutes to allow the fluid to evaporate.
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